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If I have dual Colombian-US nationality, can I enter Brazil visa-free since they do not require visas for Colombians. Even though they do require visas for US citizens?

In others words, do I have to show both of my passports upon entering Brazil? Can I just show the Colombian passport and enter visa-free? Or will they, upon seeing both passports, require me to have a visa? Anyone have experience with dual citizenship like this?

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As a general rule, you should only ever show one passport when entering a country –  Gagravarr Dec 16 '13 at 1:37
    
Yes but where are these general rules written??! lol What if the brazilian customs officer asks you if you have any other nationalities? Does one lie? –  CesarDV Dec 16 '13 at 1:42
    
The Australian government provides lots of advice for dual nationals, most of which will apply if you mentally substitute your own nationalities in when reading! –  Gagravarr Dec 16 '13 at 2:04
    
@Gagravarr I'd have voted up your answer if you had put this in an answer! +1 for that link! thanks! –  CesarDV Dec 18 '13 at 20:12

2 Answers 2

up vote 4 down vote accepted

If you travel from USA to Brazil, you will need both passports - the US one to leave the USA (source) and the Colombian one to enter Brazil.

Certainly you will have to show the airline your Colombian passport to proof that you're allowed to enter Brazil.

The only thing you must keep in mind about dual citizenship is that, if you go to Brazil on your Colombian passport, in case of an emergency, the US Embassy may not give you diplomatic protection since you are a Colombian citizen in Brazil. From travel.state.gov :

In addition, their dual nationality may hamper efforts to provide U.S. diplomatic and consular protection to them when they are abroad, especially when they are in the country of their second nationality.

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I seriously doubt your last statement, what makes you think that? The classic case where dual citizenship precludes consular assistance is when you have the nationality of the country itsef but that's something else. –  Relaxed Dec 16 '13 at 14:13
    
@Annoyed see my edit –  Dirty-flow Dec 16 '13 at 14:21
    
That's very vague and mostly about the case I mentioned above. The Vienna convention has no notion of “entering as a Colombian”, either you are a Colombian national or you are not, period. Note that the text you quote still only mentions the dual nationality itself, nowhere does it say that the passport you use matters. If, for some reason, your dual nationality is an issue, having used your US passport would not save you. –  Relaxed Dec 16 '13 at 14:43
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@Annoyed and also from the link that Gagravarr posted in his comment: "A person might not be regarded as being an Australian if that person is not travelling on their Australian passport, which may also limit the consular assistance available. " And btw I don't mean that there always be a problem, but only that it's possible! –  Dirty-flow Dec 16 '13 at 16:11
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Also a small nuance, the problem is not that the US would typically withhold consular assistance, it's that the receiving country would not let them. –  Relaxed Dec 16 '13 at 17:35

I don't know about Brazil specifically but generally speaking there is no reason this should be a problem even if these things are rarely defined explicitly anywhere. In practice, if you are asked about other nationalities (which would be unusual except perhaps if the border guard notices that you are traveling from/to the US without a visa), lying sounds like a bad idea, just tell the truth and nothing much should happen.

Two exceptions come to mind:

  • You are a citizen of the country you are trying to enter. In many countries, it's mandatory to disclose that and use the local passport to enter. In countries that forbid dual-citizenship, you might even get into serious trouble if the authorities find out you have another nationality.
  • Politically sensitive situations like Israel/UAE. Note that even in this case, the UAE did not recognize Israeli passports but dual citizens could still enter, only after the Assassination of Mahmoud Al-Mabhouh did they go to the trouble of actually banning Israeli citizens who also had another nationality. Typically, laws about entry are written with (relatively) simple cases in mind and if you qualify under some rule, other more restrictive rules don't matter.
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"you might even get into serious trouble if the authorities find out you have another nationality." Can you give an example of that? –  user102008 Dec 16 '13 at 22:43
    
"did they go to the trouble of actually banning dual citizens." So are you saying they are banning their own nationals from entering? –  user102008 Dec 16 '13 at 22:44
    
@user102008 On the first point, some countries strip double nationals of their nationality. –  Relaxed Dec 17 '13 at 9:57
    
@user102008 No that's not what I am saying, the people in question have two third-country nationalities, one of which would allow them to enter, the other not, just like the OP. The link provides details. –  Relaxed Dec 17 '13 at 9:57
    
@user102008 I tried to clarify my answer, thanks for your comments! –  Relaxed Dec 17 '13 at 10:13

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