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What services do US embassies generally provide to citizens traveling abroad? In other words, what types of issues encountered while traveling can be taken to the embassy for assistance, and what areas will they generally not get involved with?

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Hi jrdioko, could you please edit your question to make it just specific to the US (if that's what you're looking for)? Services widely vary from place to place for a particular countries embassies, sometimes within a host country. As it stands, this question too broad. –  Ankur Banerjee Sep 12 '11 at 19:36
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@Ankur: Sure, I thought there'd be some common ground, but maybe there isn't. –  jrdioko Sep 12 '11 at 20:14
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There surely is common ground, but as a question I believe you will get better and more relevant answers for yourself this way. :) –  Ankur Banerjee Sep 12 '11 at 20:28
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I'm not sure enough to write an answer, but I think generally one can say that embassies are always willing to help you if you got in big trouble that you couldn't avoid. For example they will help you if you have serious medical problems, if you were the target of a serious crime, if you lost your passport etc. But the will not help you if you are the one to blame, e.g. if you're just running out of money and can't purchase your flight back, the embassy won't help you. –  RoflcoptrException Sep 13 '11 at 12:45

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up vote 11 down vote accepted

I am most familiar with the US Embassy in Delhi, India, since I was there for an extended period of time (several months). You can always visit the website for the US Embassy wherever you are traveling; they post a complete list of services for American citizens.

To summarize some of the big ones, US Embassies will help American citizens with the following:

  • Obtaining vital records (birth certificates, Social Security cards)
  • Replacing a lost or stolen passport, renewing a passport, or adding pages to a passport
  • Arrest, abduction, or imprisonment of an American citizen
  • Emergency medical evacuation or disposition of remains if an American citizen dies abroad
  • Birth of a child, marriage, or divorce abroad (getting the proper paperwork filled out)
  • Notarizing forms
  • Filing US taxes abroad

They also provide an immense array of resources: the websites and physical embassy locations usually have information ranging from disaster preparedness / (historical) likelihood of natural disasters to lists of medical offices in their consular areas to international driving laws. I believe most of them have some sort of "tips for Americans living in [that location]" section, too, with other miscellaneous information.

US Embassies sometimes are a great cultural resource, too. (I can't say this applies everywhere, but it's true in India.) In Delhi there was the American Center, which has a library and hosts music and dance performances, lectures, literary readings, etc.

Additionally, it's a good idea to register with the local US Embassy when you are traveling - particularly if you're traveling to a somewhat dangerous area. If you register, you can provide them with a cell phone number where the Embassy will text you security and travel information. In the event of a terrorist attack or natural disaster, they have a record of whether you were in the country, where you were staying, and how to contact you. And your family / friends back home in the US can call the Embassy for help or information, too.

The US State Department has an FAQ about what it can and cannot do for American citizens abroad in emergency situations, particularly.

Those are the big things that I know of that appear to be true for most US Embassies, but I would always check out the website of whatever locale is relevant to you if you want specific, concrete information.

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For clarity...they do not seem to actually DO much for citizens; the primary purpose is a repository of resources. For example, I don't believe the US Embassy in Delhi will advocate on behalf of an American citizen charged with a crime, but they'll give you a list of attorneys to choose from. –  Laura Sep 15 '11 at 1:39

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