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My US passport took too long to be shipped to me, and it will arrive after I need to leave. Will I be able to cross the border from the United States to Canada with a birth certificate (copy) and a passport locator number?

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What is your nationality? You're a US citizen? –  Bernhard Feb 22 '13 at 6:35
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If you knew the time you had to travel why wouldn't you Expedite your renewal? And depending on your location you can get it the Same Day –  Karlson Feb 22 '13 at 13:44
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up vote 13 down vote accepted

If you are a US citizen, you can indeed cross into Canada using your birth certificate and a photo ID. For safety reasons, you may want to bring the original birth certificate, or at least a certified copy. If you are not a US (or Canadian) citizen or permanent resident, you cannot enter Canada without passport:

If you are a citizen of the United States, you do not need a passport to enter Canada. However, you should carry proof of your citizenship, such as a birth certificate, certificate of citizenship or naturalization, as well as photo identification. If you are a permanent resident of Canada or the U.S, you should bring your Permanent Resident Card with you.

However, depending on how you're travelling, you may have difficulties re-entering the US without a passport! These are the rules for US citizens coming back:

When returning to the United States from Canada, it is very important to note that all U.S. citizens are required to present a valid U.S. passport to enter or re-enter the United States via air. For entry into the United States via land and sea borders, U.S. citizens must present either a U.S. passport, passport card, NEXUS card, Enhanced Drivers License, or other Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI)-compliant document. The only exception to this requirement is for U.S. citizens under the age of 16 (or under 19, if traveling with a school, religious, or other youth group) who need only present a birth certificate (original, photocopy or certified copy), Consular Report of Birth Abroad, or naturalization certificate.

So if your passport is delayed, make sure it arrives at your place in Canada on time.

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"If you are not a US (or Canadian) citizen, you cannot enter Canada without passport" Unless you are a permanent resident. –  user102008 Feb 28 '13 at 10:38
    
@user102008: indeed. Fixed. –  Jonas Feb 28 '13 at 12:39
    
I looked at 22 C.F.R. part 53 (law.justia.com/cfr/title22/22-1.0.1.6.35.html), and it makes no mention of an exception for people under 16, so I am not sure about the legal basis of that statement on the state department site –  user102008 May 16 '13 at 5:05
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