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Let's suppose I want to organize a conference with one attendee from each country of the globe.
Considering visa fees/problems, where would be a convenient location?

If transportation is not considered at all, I guess Antartica or international waters are perfect, but a slightly more accessible/livable place would be appreciated.

Context:
Last year's "Wikimania" conference happened in the USA, which lead to many problems, an organizer said "It's a shame that the developing nations have problems sending delegates to the US—I think visas were a bigger problem than funding."

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What an excellent question! –  Preet Sangha Oct 25 '12 at 19:52
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3 Answers

It depends on which country you think most of the participants will come from.

If it's an international conference, bear in mind that US / Canadian visas - even for short visits - are NOT easy to get for people from many countries. Even if it's for the purpose of a conference, I have heard many anecdotal stories from friends and colleagues who require a visa for US / Canada to have their visa denied. Of course, if most of the attendees are American then it makes sense to have in the US.

If most of the attendees are expected to be European, anywhere within UK / EU would be a good choice. Costs of organising an event in UK / EU would be higher too though, as well as accommodation costs, so this may be a limiting factor.

Considering ease of getting a visa, travel costs (flights, etc), accommodation / venues, I would highly recommend either Hong Kong or Singapore. The reason is that being based in Asia, the costs for attendees to stay or even for organisers is lower than that in America or Europe. More importantly, people from most Asian countries as well as Europe / North America / South America can easily get visas either on arrival or without much hassle. Both Hong Kong and Singapore are major aviation hubs and hence flight costs are competitive too, especially for attendees from Asia. There's a wide choice of hotels for venues / accommodation to cater to any budget and both countries have excellent telecommunications infrastructure (Internet and mobile broadband speeds are great) and public transport.

So it really depends on who's attending, but on a purely global scale for a global conference with many attendees, somewhere in Asia with lax visa rules (this rules out places like India, for instance, since nearly everyone needs to apply for a visa for India) like Hong Kong or Singapore would be a good choice.

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"one attendee from each country of the globe" :-) –  nic Oct 25 '12 at 14:31
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In that case, my answer would still be Hong Kong / Singapore, because in addition to US / EU / UK, they have relaxed visa rules for most of Asia, Africa, and South America. For the majority of attendees, this will be a godsend! And because they are major aviation hubs, flights will be relatively cheap too for most. –  Ankur Banerjee Oct 25 '12 at 14:35
    
Just my imagination, but I was thiking that an average African citizen might have more trouble getting a visa for a "rich" country like Singapore, than for a "poorer" country like the Philippines. I guess I am mistaken? –  nic Oct 25 '12 at 14:40
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A majority of African passport holders will need to obtain visas regardless of where they go, they get singled out often in most visa rules but even then there are exceptions where the more prosperous African countries get treated with laxer visa rules. Singapore is actually very liberal with visas, and Hong Kong even more so. Note that Philippines is NOT lax: in fact, for many Asian countries, they charge hundreds of dollars for visas! When I single out Singapore and Hong Kong in Asia as 'good' visa-free / visa-lax countries, it is for a good reason. –  Ankur Banerjee Oct 25 '12 at 14:58
    
Second Ankur. Most South East Asia countries does not have transparent rule, with exception Singapore. They also have one of the best Internet availability in the region. –  Rudy Gunawan Oct 29 '12 at 7:07
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European countries tend to be the easiest for most nations to get to, when you consider transport costs and visas, as short term EU visas are relatively simple.

We don't have the restrictive policies the US have, for example.

London prides itself on being an ideal location for conferences, as Heathrow Airport has connections to everywhere but the Netherlands and Germany are also very well connected.

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I don't know that this is true. When I was in Georgia it was a very big deal if any of my friends there successfully got a Shengen visa. And my Indonesian friend who wanted to come travelling with me gave up after the Schengen visa rules and costs were too much for her. –  hippietrail Oct 25 '12 at 13:10
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Just look at the map. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Schengen_visa_requirements.png Vast majority of the World needs visa to enter Schengen area even for short stay. And it's by far not a trivial task. –  vartec Oct 25 '12 at 15:13
    
BTW. From your answer one may get impression, that UK is part of Schengen Area. It's is not. –  vartec Oct 25 '12 at 15:16
    
Annex II nationals (except for New Zealand citizens) can enter the Schengen Area as a whole for pleasure or for business without the need to apply for a visa for a maximum of 90 days in a 180 day period –  Rory Alsop Oct 25 '12 at 15:19
    
And the UK has famously lax entry requirements... –  Rory Alsop Oct 25 '12 at 15:20
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Like my answer on a related question, the Maldives would be a good candidate. Its international airport seems to be well connected.

Personally I don't think the visa fees will be a deal breaker. I know from experience that getting visa for the Netherlands for conference attendance will be easy. Consulates do check visa applications for conference and if attendance is confirmed I have the impression that visa are handed out easily.

The problem will be more the cost of living for accommodation and transport from and to the airport.

You could choose to use the Big mac index to identify the impact the average cost of living will have on the attendees from a less wealthy country.

If funding is no issue, I would go for the Netherlands. That country is well connected, has one of the fastest internet connections, and if you don't mind actively communicating with the different Dutch consulates there shouldn't be that much issues regarding visa. You need to do this because there are always "participants" using conferences as a way to get into a country, but with no intention to actually participate.

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